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城市冠层过程的研究与进展

黄燕燕 万齐林 袁金南 郑素卿

黄燕燕, 万齐林, 袁金南, 郑素卿. 城市冠层过程的研究与进展[J]. 热带气象学报, 2006, (3): 290-296.
引用本文: 黄燕燕, 万齐林, 袁金南, 郑素卿. 城市冠层过程的研究与进展[J]. 热带气象学报, 2006, (3): 290-296.
HUANG Yan-yan, WAN Qi-lin, YUAN Jin-nan, ZHENG Su-qing. DEVELOPMENT OF RESEARCH ON URBAN CANOPY PARAMETERIZATION SCHEME[J]. Journal of Tropical Meteorology, 2006, (3): 290-296.
Citation: HUANG Yan-yan, WAN Qi-lin, YUAN Jin-nan, ZHENG Su-qing. DEVELOPMENT OF RESEARCH ON URBAN CANOPY PARAMETERIZATION SCHEME[J]. Journal of Tropical Meteorology, 2006, (3): 290-296.

城市冠层过程的研究与进展

基金项目: “十五”国家科技攻关课题“面向超级城市(群)的精细数值预报系统的开发与试验(2004BA607B-03)”资助

DEVELOPMENT OF RESEARCH ON URBAN CANOPY PARAMETERIZATION SCHEME

  • 摘要: 介绍了城市冠层过程研究的概况和历史,概括了城市冠层的特征及其作用于局地气候和中尺度系统的主要方式,总结了城市冠层参数化方案或模式的研究进展。比较了几种参数化方法和模式的特点,提出目前存在的一些问题。认为:现有的参数化方案和模式尚未能完整体现城市下垫面特征、准确反映人类活动影响,二者的发展有赖于对城市下垫面建筑特征更合理、细致地描述,对人为热量、水汽影响更准确的估计与刻划。与局地因素密切相关的城市冠层模式还需要更多地在模式中引入局地差异影响。同时指出,要提高耦合城市过程的中尺度模式预报水平,需要相应改进包括云、降水、次网格地形及边界层动力学等的参数化。

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2005-04-08
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