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ENSO多样性研究进展

徐华 徐建军 范伶俐

徐华, 徐建军, 范伶俐. ENSO多样性研究进展[J]. 热带气象学报, 2019, 35(2): 281-288. doi: 10.16032/j.issn.1004-4965.2019.025
引用本文: 徐华, 徐建军, 范伶俐. ENSO多样性研究进展[J]. 热带气象学报, 2019, 35(2): 281-288. doi: 10.16032/j.issn.1004-4965.2019.025
Hua XU, Jian-jun XU, Ling-li FAN. ENSO DIVERSITY: A REVIEW[J]. Journal of Tropical Meteorology, 2019, 35(2): 281-288. doi: 10.16032/j.issn.1004-4965.2019.025
Citation: Hua XU, Jian-jun XU, Ling-li FAN. ENSO DIVERSITY: A REVIEW[J]. Journal of Tropical Meteorology, 2019, 35(2): 281-288. doi: 10.16032/j.issn.1004-4965.2019.025

ENSO多样性研究进展

doi: 10.16032/j.issn.1004-4965.2019.025
基金项目: 

印度洋重点航线及港口的环境保障与预报技术研究 XDA20060503

国家重点研发计划 2017YFC1501802

详细信息
    通讯作者:

    徐建军,男,江苏省人,教授,博士,从事海气相互作用与资料同化研究。E-mail: jxu@gdou.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: P732

ENSO DIVERSITY: A REVIEW

  • 摘要: El Niño是热带中东太平洋异常偏暖的现象,发展过程具有显著的季节锁相特征。近年来,新形态事件更频繁发生引起了科学界广泛关注。学者们根据空间分布形态或爆发时间将ENSO事件分为两类,虽然选取标准不同,分类结果却有诸多相似点:中太平洋(Dateline、Modoki、CP、WP及SU型)El Niño事件发展至成熟时,正SSTA中心位于赤道太平洋中部;东太平洋(传统、EP、CT及SP型)El Niño发展至成熟时,正SSTA中心位于赤道东太平洋,低层西风异常更强,向东传输的距离也更远。研究结果显示,东太平洋El Niño比中太平洋El Niño持续时间更长,强度也更强;两类事件对全球气候的影响模态有很大的差异。近几十年,中太平洋El Niño出现频率有所增加,但其原因尚未清楚。关于两类事件生成发展和位相转换的动力原因,目前科学界普遍认为东太平洋El Niño是一个海盆尺度的海气耦合过程,其生消过程与温跃层的变化有紧密联系,但对中太平洋El Niño的动力机制尚未有统一的认识。

     

  • 表  1  1950—2005年El Niño事件的分类结果对比

    El Niño事件 类型
    Dateline[17-18](1950—2003年) Modoki[21](1979—2005年) EP/CP[36](1950—2005年) CT/WP[24] (1970—2005年) SP/SU[26] (1950—2000年)
    1951/1952年 Typical EP SU
    1957/1958年 Typical CP SP
    1963/1964年 Dateline CP SU
    1965/1966年 Typical CP SP
    1968/1969年 Dateline CP SU
    1972/1973年 Typical EP CT SP
    1976/1977年 Typical EP CT SU
    1977/1978年 Dateline CP WP
    1982/1983年 Typical EP CT SP
    1986/1987年 Dateline Modoki CP Mixed SU
    1990/1991年 Dateline Modoki WP
    1991/1992年 Typical Modoki CP Mixed SP
    1994/1995年 Dateline Modoki CP WP SU
    1997/1998年 Typical EP CT SP
    2002/2003年 Typical Modoki CP WP
    2004/2005年 Modoki CP WP
    注:(a)红色字体表示事件归属于本文分类中的东太平洋El Niño,蓝色字体表示事件归属中太平洋El Niño,“—”表示超出所引用文献的研究时间范围; (b) Ashok等的分类中只关注Modoki事件,对于东太平洋El Niño并没有定义。
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2018-03-30
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